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[2] Accurate Identification of the embodiment of Contemporary Beneficial Sciences and Activities within the Islamic Religion

In The Name of Allah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Imam As-Sadi [may Allah have mercy upon him] stated:

Everything Allāh says is truth. Allāh says:

وَٱللَّهُ يَقُولُ ٱلْحَقَّ وَهُوَ يَهْدِى ٱلسَّبِيلَ

Allah says the truth, and He guides to the (Right) Way. [Surah Al-Ahzaab. Ayah 4]

This noble verse makes it explicitly clear that Allah – The Exalted – speaks the truth, with truthfulness and certainty in His statements, perfect justice, and wisdom in His commands and prohibitions. Everything He has stated is undeniably true and facts that align with reality, and beneficial for His servants to rectify their beliefs, manners, religious and worldly affairs. Everything He has commanded is righteousness, goodness, generosity, perfect welfare, and a blessing, and everything He has prohibited is (definitely) evil, harmful, and corrupt, both in religious and worldly matters. The entirety of Islamic law serves to elaborate on and reinforce this foundational principle, as articulated in this verse and others like it.

Then Allāh says: [وَهُوَ يَهْدِى ٱلسَّبِيلَ – And He (Allāh) guides to the (Right) Way]- meaning, the path that guides to the truth, by which Allah makes His judgments. Therefore, Allah has undertaken to elucidate and make clear this complete truth through evident intellectual and textual evidence, as stated in another verse as follows:

سَنُرِيهِمْ ءَايَٰتِنَا فِى ٱلْءَافَاقِ وَفِىٓ أَنفُسِهِمْ حَتَّىٰ يَتَبَيَّنَ لَهُمْ أَنَّهُ ٱلْحَقُّ

We will show them Our Signs in the universe, and in their ownselves, until it becomes manifest to them that this (the Quran) is the truth. [Surah Fussilat. Ayah 53]

When Allah [The Exalted] informed us about His Oneness and His unparalleled perfection, commanded us to worship Him alone, without any partners, and to devote ourselves sincerely to Him, made it clear that His speech, promises, threats, messenger, and book are all true, He then states that He must show us signs within ourselves and in the vast universe to serve as undeniable proof that He is The Truth and that anything worshipped besides Him is false. The signs within us and around us all bear witness to these mighty principles through which it is known that Allah is The Truth, and that His Speech, His Book, and the religion He has ordained are all absolute truth.

Allah says:

إِنَّ فِى خَلْقِ ٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتِ وَٱلْأَرْضِ وَٱخْتِلَٰفِ ٱلَّيْلِ وَٱلنَّهَارِ لَءَايَٰتٍ لِّأُو۟لِى ٱلْأَلْبَٰبِ

Verily! In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation of night and day, there are indeed signs for men of understanding. [Surah Al-Imran. Ayah 190]

Allah says:

إِنَّ فِى خَلْقِ ٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتِ وَٱلْأَرْضِ وَٱخْتِلَٰفِ ٱلَّيْلِ وَٱلنَّهَارِ وَٱلْفُلْكِ ٱلَّتِى تَجْرِى فِى ٱلْبَحْرِ بِمَا يَنفَعُ ٱلنَّاسَ وَمَآ أَنزَلَ ٱللَّهُ مِنَ ٱلسَّمَآءِ مِن مَّآءٍ فَأَحْيَا بِهِ ٱلْأَرْضَ بَعْدَ مَوْتِهَا وَبَثَّ فِيهَا مِن كُلِّ دَآبَّةٍ وَتَصْرِيفِ ٱلرِّيَٰحِ وَٱلسَّحَابِ ٱلْمُسَخَّرِ بَيْنَ ٱلسَّمَآءِ وَٱلْأَرْضِ لَءَايَٰتٍ لِّقَوْمٍ يَعْقِلُونَ

Verily! In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation of night and day, and the ships which sail through the sea with that which is of use to mankind, and the water (rain) which Allah sends down from the sky and makes the earth alive therewith after its death, and the moving (living) creatures of all kinds that He has scattered therein, and in the veering of winds and clouds which are held between the sky and the earth, are indeed Ayat (proofs, evidences, signs, etc.) for people of understanding. [Surah Al-Baqarah. Ayah 164]

There are numerous verses in which Allah informs us about how the universe works, and that they serve as signs and evidence of His Oneness, His truthfulness, and the truthfulness of His Messengers. Hence, the One who brought forth these magnificent creations, endowed with astonishing characteristics, and established an extraordinary system, completing the creation with utmost perfection and beauty, is the One who is uniquely distinguished in His Lordship and the only Deity deserving of worship, the Possessor of vast, all-encompassing mercy and wisdom, and encompassing all things within His knowledge. Therefore, the One whose affairs are as such rightfully deserves to be worshipped alone, without any partners, and to be acknowledged and remembered for His all-encompassing perfect benevolence and the blessings He has bestowed upon us. The magnificent creations in the universe demonstrate the flawlessness of His capability and the grandeur of His authority. The remarkable and exquisite organisation within it, the creation that is impeccably perfected in every aspect, reveals His unparalleled, all-encompassing perfect wisdom, and affirms that He alone deserves all praise. Moreover, the diverse elements of a specific nature found within it exemplify the enforcement of His all-encompassing perfect will and intention. Furthermore, the countless benefits and welfare for His servants, which are beyond enumeration and comprehension due to their vast variety and distinct characteristics, serve as evidence of His immense mercy, grace, kindness, generosity, and benevolence. All of these manifestations unequivocally establish the obligation to worship Him exclusively and to perform deeds with utmost sincerity for His sake. Additionally, the fact that He has brought forth these mighty creations into existence attests to His ability to resurrect the deceased and His capability to accomplish all things. [1]

Read the article by Shaikh Abu Iyaadh [may Allah preserve him]
Understanding the Two Definitions of ‘Science’ in Operation

[1] Al-Dalaa’il Al-Qur’aniyyah Fee Anna Al-Uloom Wal A’maal An-Naafi’ah Al-Asriyyah Daakhilatun Fee Ad-Deen Al-Islamiy pages 2-3 [The Qur’an evidences demonstrates that modern beneficial sciences and activities are incorporated into the Islamic religion]